Freedom and Federalism: Toward an Authentic Federalism in Brazil

The first federal states emerged via the coming together of a number of established polities that wished to preserve their separate identities and to some extent their autonomy.[1] Some features are common to most, if not all, federal systems: distribution of power between central and local governments; a written and rigid constitution; an independent and impartial umpire to decide on disputes between these levels of government; and representation of regional views within the central government.